TTC / Fertility / Pregnancy Glossary Of Terms

Abbreviations Of Common TTC Terms

Below is a list of common abbreviations you will often see in TTC (trying-to-conceive) or pregnancy forums. To view the definition of each term, please click on the hyperlink.

2WW: 2 Week Wait
3T: Trouble Trying To Conceive
AAMOF: As A Matter Of Fact
AC: Assisted Conception
ADN: Any Day Now
AF: Aunt Flow
AFC: Antral Follicle Count
AH: Assisted Hatching
AHI: At-Home Insemination
AI : Artificial Insemination or Assisted Insemination
AIH: Artificial Insemination With Husband's Sperm
AKA: Also Known As
AMA: Advanced Maternal Age
AMH: Anti-Mullerian Hormone
AO: Anovulation or Anovulatory
AOA: Anti-Ovarian Antibody
AP: Attachment Parenting
ART: Assisted Reproductive Technology
ATM: At The Moment
AVA: Anti-Ovarian Antibody
AWOL: A Woman On Lupron
B/C: Because
B/W: Bloodwork
B4: Before
B4N: Before Now
BA: Baby Aspirin
BBC: BabyCenter
BBL: Be Back Later
BBS: Bulletin Board System
BBT: Basal Body Temperature
BC: Birth Control
BCP: Birth Control Pills
BD: Baby Dance
BF: Breastfeed or Boyfriend
BFN: Big Fat Negative
BFP: Big Fat Positive
BIL: Brother-In-Law
Blasts: Blastocysts
BLW: Baby-Led Weaning
BM: Breast Milk, or Bowel Movement
BMS: Baby-Making Sex
BRB: Be Right Back
BT: Blood Test
BTDT: Been There, Done That
BTW: By The Way
BW: Bloodwork or Blood Week
C#: Cycle Number
CB: Cycle Buddy
CBEFM: Clear Blue Easy Fertility Monitor
CC: Controlled Crying
CCCT: Clomiphene Citrate Challenge Test
CCT: Clomid Challenge Test
CD: Cycle Day
CF: Cervical Fluid
CFNBC: Child-Free Not By Choice
CIO: Cry It Out
Circ.: Circumcise
CL: Corpus Luteum
CM: Cervical Mucus
CNM: Certified Nurse / Midwife
CP: Chemical Pregnancy or Cervical Position
CS or C/S: Cesarean Section
CVSs:  Chorionic Villus Sampling
CWIM: See What I Mean
D&C: Dilation & Curettage
D&E: Dilation & Evacuation
DA: Dairy Allergy
DA: Dear Angel
DC: Daycare or Dear Child
DD: Dear Daughter
DE: Donor Eggs
DF: Dear Fiancee
DH: Dear Husband
DHEA: Dehydroepiandrosterone
DI: Donor Insemination
DOR: Diminished Ovarian Reserve
DP: Dear Partner
DP3DT: Days Post 3-Day Transfer
DP5DT: Days Post 5-Day Transfer
DPC: Days Since Last Clomid Pill
DPO: Days Past Ovulation
DPR: Days Post-Egg Retrieval
DPT: Days Post-Transfer
DS: Dear Son
DSD: Dear Step-Daughter
DSS: Dear Step-Son
DTD: Do The Deed
DuH: Dumb Husband
DuW: Dumb Wife
DW: Dear Wife 
Dx: Diagnosis
DXP: Dear Ex-Partner
E2: Estradiol
EB: Endometrial Biopsy
EBF: Extended Breastfeeding or Exclusively Breastfeeding
EBM: Expressed Breast Milk
EC: Embryo Cryopreservation
EDD: Estimated Due Date, or Expected Date Of Delivery
EG: Evil Grin
EMB: Endometrial Biopsy
EN: Extended Nursing
ENDO: Endometriosis
EOD: End Of Discussion
EP: Ectopic Pregnancy
EPO: Evening Primrose Oil
EPP: Estrogen Priming Protocol
EPT: Early Pregnancy Test
ER: Egg Retrieval
ESP: Especially
ET: Embryo Transfer
ETA: Edited To Add or Estimated Time Of Arrival
EW: Egg White
EWCM: Egg White Cervical Mucus
FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions
FBOW: For Better Or Worse
FET: Frozen Embryo Transfer
FF: Formula Feeding or FertilityFriend (an app for tracking fertility)
FHR: Fetal Heart Rate
FIL: Father-In-Law
FMP: First Morning Pee
FMU: First Morning Urine
FP: Follicular Phase
FRED: First Response Early Detection
FRER: First Response Early Results Pregnancy Test
FS: Fertility Specialist
FSH: Follicle-Stimulating Hormone
FT: Full Time
FTM: First-Time Mom
FTR: For The Record
FTTA: Fertile Thoughts To All
FUR: False Unicorn Root
FV: Fertile Vibes
FWIW: For What It's Worth
FYA: For Your Amusement
FYI: For Your Information
G: Grin
GAFIA: Get Away From It All
GAL: Get A Life
GF: Gluten-Free
GFY: Good For You
GG: Gotta Go
GIFT: Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer
GMTA: Great Minds Think Alike
GnRH: Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
GP: General Practitioner
GS: Gestational Surrogacy
GTT: Glucose Tolerance Test
HAGD: Have A Great Day
HAND: Have A Nice Day
hCG: Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
hMG: Human Menopausal Gonadotropin
HOM: High Order Multiples
HPT: Home Pregnancy Test
HRT: Hormone Replacement Therapy
HSC: Hysteroscopy
HSG: Hysterosalpingogram
HTH: Hope That Helps
HUTH: Hang Up The Horns
IAC: In Any Case
IAE: In Any Event
IC: Incompetent Cervix
ICBW: I Could Be Wrong
ICI: Intracervical Insemination
ICSI: Intra-Cytoplamic Sperm Injection
IDTT: I'll Drink To That
IF: Infertility
IIRC: If I Recall Correctly
IM: Intramuscular Injections or Instant Messaging
IMAO: In My Arrogant Opinion
IMBO: In My Biased Opinion
IMCO: In My Considered Opinion
IME: In My Experience
IMHO: In My Honest/Humble Opinion
IMNSHO: In My Not So Humble Opinion
IMO: In My Opinion
INPO: In No Particular Order
IOW: In Other Words
IR: Insulin Resistant
IRL: In Real Life
ISA: Independent Surrogacy Arrangement
ISWTE: It Starts With The Egg (Book Title)
ITA: I Totally Agree
ITI: Intra-Tubal Insemination
IUI: Intra-Uterine Insemination
IVF: In-Vitro Fertilization
IVIg: Intravenous Immunoglobulin
IVM: In-Vitro Maturation
J/K: Just Kidding
JIC: Just In Case
JJ or J/J: Just Joking
JK or J/K: Just Kidding
JMHO: Just My Humble Opinion, or Just My Honest Opinion
JMO: Just My Opinion
JTYWLTK: Just Thought You Would Like To Know
KISS: Keep It Simple Sweetheart (Stupid)
KUP: Keep Us Posted
KWIM: Know What I Mean
L&D: Labor And Delivery
LAM: Lactational Amenorrhea Method
LAP: Laparoscopy
LH: Luteinizing Hormone
LLP: Long Lupron Protocol
LMAO: Laughing My Ankles (A**) Off
LMBO: Laughing My Butt Off
LMP: Last Menstrual Period
LO: Little One or Love Olympics
LOL: Laughing Out Loud or Lots of Love 
LP: Luteal Phase
LPD: Luteal-Phase Defect
LSP: Low Sperm Count
LUF: Luteinized Unruptured Follicle Syndrome
LUFS: Luteinized Unruptured Follicle Syndrome
M/S, MS: Morning Sickness
MC: Miscarriage
MF: Male Factor Infertility
MFDL: Micro-Flare Dose Lupron Protocol
MFI: Male Factor Infertility
MIFT: Micro Injection Fallopian Transfer
MIL: Mother-In-Law
ML: Maternity Leave
MM: Mother's Milk
MMC: Missed Miscarriage
MS: Morning Sickness
MYOB: Mind Your Own Business
NA (N/A): Not Applicable, Not Appropriate
NAK: Nursing At Keyboard
NFP: Natural Family Planning
NIP: Nursing In Public
NMP: Not My Problem
NMS: Not My Style
NMSAA: Not My Style At All
NP: No Problem
NPI: No Pun Intended
NPP: Not Preventing Pregnancy
NRN: No Reply Necessary
NT: No Text
NTNP: Not Trying / Not Preventing
O: Ovulation
OB: Obstetrician
OB/GYN: Obstetrician / Gynecologist
OC: Oral Contraceptives
O'd: Ovulated
OD: Ovulatory Dysfunction
OH: Other Half
OHSS: Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome
OHT: One-Handed Typing
OI: Ovulation Induction
OIC: Oh I See
O'ING: Ovulating
OMG: Oh My God
OP: Original Poster or Other Poster
OPK: Ovulation Predictor Kits
OPT: Ovulation Predictor Test
OT: Off Topic
OTC: Over the Counter
OTOH: On The Other Hand
OTS: Off The Subject
OV: Ovulation
OWT: Old Wives' Tale
P4: Progesterone
PCO: Polycystic Ovaries
PCOD: Polycystic Ovary Disease
PCOS: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
PCP: Primary Care Physician
PCT: Post-Coital Test
PG: Pregnant, or Pregnancy
PGD: Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis
PGS: Pre-Implantation Genetic Screening
PI: Primary Infertility
PID: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
PIO: Progesterone In Oil
PM: Private Message
PMS: Pre-Menstrual Syndrome
POAS: Pee On A Stick
POF: Premature Ovarian Failure
PP: Previous Poster
PPAF: Postpartum Aunt Flow
PPD: Postpartum Depression
PPL: People
PTL: Praise The Lord
PU: That Stinks
PUPO: Pregnant Until Proven Otherwise
PVN: Prenatal Vitamin
RE: Reproductive Endocrinologist
R-FSH: Recombinant Human Follicle Stimulating Hormone
RI: Reproductive Immunologist
ROBI : Robitussin
ROFL: Rolling On Floor Laughing
RPL: Recurrent Pregnancy Loss
RSA: Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion
Rx: Prescription
S/S: Signs / Symptoms 
SA: Semen Analysis
SAHD: Stay-At-Home Dad
SAHM: Stay-At-Home Mom
SAHP: Stay-At-Home Parent
SB: Step-Brother or Still birth
SBT: Sad But True
SD: Step-Daughter or Step-Dad or Sperm Donor
SF: Step-Father
SFAIAA: So Far As I Am Aware
SFMP: Sorry For Multiple Posts
SHG: Sonohysterogram
SHOW: Soft, High, Open And Wet
SI: Secondary Infertility
SIL: Sister-In-Law
SITD: Still In The Dark
SM: Step-Mother
SMEP: Sperm Meets Egg Plan
SNS: Supplemental Nursing System
SO: Significant Other. Refers to your partner, husband or wife.
SS: Step-Son or Step-Sister
STD: Sexually Transmitted Disease
SubQ: Subcutaneous Injection
SW: Starting Weight
TAFT: That's A Frightening Thought
TAYL: Talk At You Later
TCOY : Taking Charge Of Your Fertility (Book Title)
TCOYF: Taking Charge Of Your Fertility (Book Title)
TFIC: Tongue Firmly In Cheek
THX: Thanks
TI: Timed Intercourse
TIA: Thanks In Advance
TIC: Tongue In Cheek
TIME: Tears In My Eyes
TMI: Too Much Information
TOH: Typing One-Handed
TPTB: The Powers That Be
TR: Tubal Reversal
TS: Traditional Surrogacy
TSH: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
TTC: Trying To Conceive
TTCAL: Trying To Conceive After A Loss
TTTC: Trouble Trying To Conceive
TTYL: Talk To You Later
TTYS: Talk To You Soon
TWIMC: To Whom It May Concern
TWW: Two Week Wait
Tx: Treatment 
TY: Thank You
TYVM: Thank You Very Much
U/S: Ultrasound
UR: Urologist
US: Ultrasound
UTI: Urinary Tract Infection
V: Vasectomy
VBAC: Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Section
VR: Vasectomy Reversal
W/O: Without
WAH: Work At Home
WAHD: Work-at-home Dad
WAHM: Work-at-home Mom
WB: Welcome Back
WEG: Wicked Evil Grin
WFM: Works For Me
WM: Working Mom
WNL: Within Normal Limits
WOH: Work Out Of The Home
WOHM: Work Out of Home Mom
WRT: With Regard To
WTF Appt: What The F* Appointment With Your RE (after failed cycles)
WTG: Way To Go
WTH: What The Heck
WU?: What's Up?
WYSIWYG: What You See Is What You Get
YGPM: You’ve Got A Private Message
ZIFT: Zygote Intra-Fallopian Transfer

Definition Of TTC / Pregnancy Terms

2 Week Wait: Refers to the time period between an IVF transfer and the blood test to test for pregnancy.

Advanced Maternal Age: Women who are 35 or above are considered to be of "advanced maternal age."

Anovulation: Failure of the ovaries to release an egg during a cycle.

Anovulatory: Describes a menstrual cycle during which no egg was released by the ovaries.

Anti-Mullerian Hormone: A substance produced by small ovarian follicles. The level of anti-mullerian hormone is used to estimate the size of the remaining egg supply in women.

Anti-Ovarian Antibody: A type of antibody in the body that interferes with ovulation and fertility.

Antral Follicle Count: The ovarian reserve of a woman. In other words, how many eggs does a woman still have left.

Artificial Insemination: When semen is injected directly into the woman's vagina or uterus.

Assisted Conception: Refers to the various methods of helping couples to get pregnant. Examples of assisted conception include IVF, IUI, ICSI, among others.

Assisted Hatching: A procedure where an embryologist creates a small hole in the zona pellucide of the embryo before transfer. This likely increases the chances of implantation.

Assisted Insemination: See Artificial Insemination.

Assisted Reproductive Technology: Technology used to achieve pregnancy. Examples of Assisted Reproductive Technology include IVF, IUI, and ICSI.

At-Home Insemination: The process of placing the sperms of a male into the reproductive tract of the female without having intercourse. This is an alternative to visiting fertility clinics. There are kits you can buy on the market to facilitate the process.

Attachment Parenting: A parenting philosophy that promotes the attachment of mother and infant by maximal maternal empathy, responsiveness, and by continuous bodily closeness and touch.

Aunt Flow: Menstruation/period.

Baby Aspirin: A baby aspirin contains about one-quarter of aspirin as an adult aspirin pill. Bay aspirin is sometimes prescribed in middle to late pregnancy as it can reduce the risk of preeclampsia, a condition that involves an increase in blood pressure and excess protein in the urine after 20 weeks of pregnancy.

Baby Dance: Having intercourse for the purpose of getting pregnant.

Baby Dust: Good wishes vibes for getting pregnant.

BabyCenter: A website focused on pregnancy, children's health, and parenting.

Baby-Led Weaning: A method of baby feeding that skips the spoon-feeding process and heads straight to finger foods. Foods are placed in front of the baby to allow her to decide what and how much to pick up and eat.

Basal Body Temperature: The temperature of your body at rest. It should be taken with a basal thermometer and can be used to predict ovulation.

Beta: Refers to the beta hCG pregnancy test, usually done two weeks after IVF to determine whether pregnancy has occurred.

Big Fat Negative: A negative pregnancy test.

Big Fat Positive: A positive pregnancy test.

Blastocyst: Refers to an embryo whose cells have divided enough times and are now differentiated into two types.

Blood Test: A pregnancy blood test is a test that measures the amount of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the bloodstream of a woman to detect pregnancy. It's more accurate than a urine test.

Blood Week: The (approximate) week when period takes place.

Bloodwork: Getting bloods drawn. It is a fairly frequent occurrence if you're working with assisted reproduction.

Cervical Fluid: Also called cervical mucus. Cervical fluid is an important indicator of fertility. It changes from dry, thick, sticky at the end of menstruation to being wet and slippery like egg whites as ovulation approaches.

Cervical Mucus: Your body produces a mucus around the cervix. It changes from dry, thick, sticky at the end of menstruation to being wet and slippery like egg whites as ovulation approaches.

Cervical Position: The position of the cervix. It is a secondary fertility sign. When ovulation approaches, the cervix opens up and becomes soft and high.

Cesarean Section: A surgical operation for delivering a baby by cutting through the wall of the mother's abdomen.

Chemical Pregnancy: Refers to the situation when implantation occurred and the pregnancy test was positive. However, you found out later that you were actually not pregnant, either by the appearance of your next period or by

Chorionic Villus Sampling: A form of prenatal diagnosis to detect chromosomal or genetic disorders in the fetus.

Clomid Challenge Test: A test to measure the health of a woman's ovary. A failed Clomid Challenge Test means that woman is unlikely to get pregnant with her own egg.

Clomiphene Citrate Challenge Test: See Clomid Challenge Test.

Controlled Crying: A method of sleep training for infants. When you use controlled crying, you do not pick up your child immediately when she cries. Rather, you give her time to "cry it out" or to self-soothe.

Corpus Luteum: A structure that develops in an ovary after an egg has been discharged. It secretes estrogen and progesterone. It degenerates after a few days unless pregnancy has begun.

Cry It Out: A method of sleep training for infants. The idea is that it is okay for a baby to cry for a specific period of time before being offered comfort.

Cycle Buddy: Someone who has a similar cycle to you, and you both run through similar IVF/IUI journeys at the time. It is a good way of give and receive support.

Cycle Day: The day of your cycle. The first day of your period is Cycle Day 1.

Days Past Ovulation : The number of days after ovulation started. To have 90% accuracy on the pregnancy test, you should take the test anywhere between 13 to 15 days past ovulation.

Days Post 3-Day Transfer: This refers to the number of days after an embryo transfer that took place on Day 3 after egg retrieval. 

Days Post 5-Day Transfer: This refers to the number of days after an embryo transfer that took place on Day 5 after egg retrieval. 

Days Post-Egg Retrieval: The number of days after eggs were retrieved from a woman's body.

Days Post-Transfer: The number of days after the embryo was transferred into a woman's reproductive tract.

Dehydroepiandrosterone: Dehydroepiandrosterone is a hormone that can be taken as a supplement. It's naturally occurring in most women and converts into androgens (like testosterone). It is used to improve egg health for women over the age of 40.

Dilation & Curettage : A procedure to remove tissue from inside a woman's uterus.

Dilation & Evacuation: A procedure to dilate the cervix and surgical evacuation of the contents of the uterus. It is a method of abortion and a procedure to ensure the uterus is fully evacuated after a miscarriage.

Diminished Ovarian Reserve: A condition where a woman will have a low number of eggs in her ovaries, or impaired development of existing eggs. This may result from disease or injury, but most commonly occurs as a result of aging.

Do the Deed: Have intercourse.

Donor Eggs: The egg of a fertile woman that is donated to a woman who is unable to get pregnant using her own egg.

Donor Insemination: A procedure of injecting semen into a woman's vagina in the hope of getting her pregnant. The semen is not from that woman's husband or partner.

Ectopic Pregnancy: A condition where the embryo implantation occurs outside of the uterus. This usually requires emergency treatment as it can be life-threatening to the mother.

Egg Retrieval: Refers to when eggs are retrieved from the ovaries after being stimulated with hormones during an IVF cycle.

Egg White Cervical Mucus: The kind of cervical mucus that is the most fertile of all cervical mucus types because it allows the sperm to swim easily into the cervix. Its consistency is similar to raw egg whites, hence the name.

Embryo Cryopreservation: The process of preserving an embryo at sub-zero temperatures, thus preserving its viability for future initiation of pregnancy.

Embryo Transfer: The transfer of the embryo into a woman's uterus.

Endometrial Biopsy: A procedure whereby the doctor takes a small sample of the lining of the uterus (endometrium). The sample is then examined to identify any problems in the uterus.

Endometriosis: A painful condition where tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus is found outside the uterus.

Endometrium: The mucous membrane that lines the inside of the uterus. It changes throughout the menstrual cycle. When a woman does not get pregnant, part of the endometrium is shed, causing menstrual bleeding. It then grows back and gets thicker and thicker in preparation for pregnancy until the next period, when it is once again shed.

Estradiol: Estradiol is a form of estrogen, a female sex hormone produced by the ovaries. It is often prescribed in an IVF cycle to improve pregnancy prospects, especially if a donor egg or a donor embryo is involved.

Estrogen Priming Protocol: An IVF protocol where an estrogen supplement is used at the beginning of the cycle to silence natural hormone production and ovarian stimulation. It is best suited for women diagnosed with Diminished Ovarian Reserve.

Evening Primrose Oil: A herbal supplement taken to increase fertility in women.

Expressed Breast Milk: Breast milk that has been taken out of the breast without a baby's suckling.

Extended Nursing: Also known as extended breast-feeding. This refers to breast-feeding a baby beyond the baby's first birthday.

Fallopian Tubes: Part of the female reproductive tract. Eggs travel from the ovaries to the uterus via the fallopian tubes.

False Unicorn Root: A herbal supplement taken to treat a variety of problems of the female reproductive system.

Fertile Vibes: Good wishes vibes for getting pregnant. Similar to the meaning of Baby Dust.

Fertilization: The union of an egg and sperm, usually occurring in the fallopian tube.

Fetal Heart Rate: The rate the heart of the fetus is beating.

First Morning Pee: The first urine in the morning after you wake up. This is the best urine sample to use for a home pregnancy test. It is also called First Morning Urine.

First Morning Urine: See First Morning Pee.

Folic Acid : Also known as vitamin B9, folic acid can help increase the odds of pregnancy as well as reducing the risk of babies developing potentially serious brain and spinal cord problems. Some doctors recommend folic acid be taken as soon as you start trying for a baby until you are 12 weeks pregnant.

Follicle: Ovarian follicle is the basic unit of female reproductive biology. Women begin puberty with about 400,000 follicles. Each follicle has the potential to release an egg cell at ovulation.

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone: In women, Follicle-Stimulating Hormone helps control the menstrual cycle and the production of eggs by the ovaries. In men, this hormone helps control the production of sperms. The level of this hormone can help determine whether male or female sex organs function properly.

Follicular Phase: One phase of the ovulation cycle. It starts at the beginning of the period, and ends when ovulation occurs. This phase typically lasts 11-21 days.

Frostie: A frozen embryo.

Frozen Embryo Transfer: A procedure where a frozen embryo is thawed and transferred to the uterus.

Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer: An assisted reproductive technology whereby eggs are removed from a woman's ovaries and placed in one of the fallopian tubes along with the man's sperm. This increases the chances of a pregnancy.

Gestational Diabetes: This type of diabetes develops during pregnancy (typically around the 24th week) and can negatively affect the health of both the mother and the baby.

Gestational Surrogacy: An arrangement in which a woman carries a baby for someone else. This woman is known as the gestational surrogate. In this case, the baby is not genetically related to the gestational surrogate.

Glucose Tolerance Test: A test used to help diagnose gestational diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.

Gluten-Free: Diet that exclude gluten, a protein composite found in grains such as wheat, barley, and rye. For people with celiac disease, following a gluten-free diet may help with fertility.

Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone: A releasing hormone responsible for the release of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) from the anterior pituitary gland.

High Order Multiples: Having four or more babies at the same birth.

Home Pregnancy Test : Pregnancy tests that can be taken at home. They work by detecting the amount of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the urine.

Hormone Replacement Therapy: Medications containing female hormones to replace the ones the body no longer makes after menopause.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin: Human chorionic gonadotropin is a hormone produced by the embryo after implantation. Pregnancy tests function by detecting the level of this hormone either in the blood or in the urine.

Human Menopausal Gonadotropin: Also known as Menotropin, it is a hormonally active medication used to treat infertility. It contains equal amounts of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and is used to help stimulate ovulation. 

Hysterosalpingogram: A test to assess female fertility potential. It is an X-ray procedure used to see whether the fallopian tubes are open and if the inside of the uterus is normal.

Hysteroscopy: A procedure used to examine the inside of a woman's uterus. It is done by inserting a thin, lighted tube (hysteroscope) through the vagina into the uterus.

Implantation: The step in which the embryo attaches to the uterus. For most women, implantation occurs 6-12 days after ovulation.

Incompetent Cervix: Also called a cervical insufficiency, it is a condition that occurs when weak cervical tissue causes or contributes to premature birth or miscarriage.

Independent Surrogacy Arrangement: A surrogate arrangement where the parties work directly with one another rather than going through an agency.

Insulin Resistant: Refers to someone whose body is resistant to the hormone insulin, resulting in increasing blood sugar.

Intracervical Insemination: An artificial insemination procedure where sperms are placed near the woman's cervix to improve the chances of pregnancy. It is less effective than intrauterine insemination (IUI), where sperms are placed inside the uterus.

Intra-Cytoplamic Sperm Injection: An IVF procedure where a single sperm is injected directly into an egg. 

Intramuscular Injections: A technique used to deliver a medication deep into the muscles. The benefit is that the medication can be absorbed into the bloodstream quickly.

Intra-Tubal Insemination: An artificial insemination procedure where sperms are placed inside the woman's fallopian tubes to improve the chances of pregnancy. It is effective in producing pregnancy, but it is a more invasive procedure and is more costly.

Intra-Uterine Insemination: An artificial insemination procedure where sperms are placed inside the woman's uterus to improve the chances of pregnancy.

Intravenous Immunoglobulin: Intravenous immunoglobulin is sometimes used as a treatment to recurrent pregnancy loss.

In-Vitro Fertilization: Refers to a type of assisted reproductive technology where an egg is removed from a woman's ovary, fertilized with a sperm in a laboratory, and the resulting embryo is transferred to the woman to allow it to grow and develop.

In-Vitro Maturation: Refers to the process where immature eggs are removed from an ovary. This is different from the conventional IVF method, where mature eggs are removed from an ovary.

Lactational Amenorrhea Method: The use of breastfeeding as a contraceptive method.

Long Lupron Protocol: A standard IVF protocol that takes about six weeks from the start to egg retrieval. It involves two stages: down regulating and stimulating.

Love Olympics: Have intercourse.

Low Sperm Count: Defined as having fewer than 15 million sperms per milliliter of semen. Low sperm count decreases the changes of achieving pregnancy.

Lupron: A sex hormone suppressor that reduces the amount of testosterone in men and estrogen in women.

Luteal Phase: A phase in the ovulation cycle. It starts with ovulation and continues on until the beginning of the next period. The luteal phase averages around 14 days and can range from 12 to 16 days.

Luteinized Unruptured Follicle Syndrome: A condition where the ovary fails to release the egg when it is supposed to.

Luteinizing Hormone: A hormone produced by the pituitary gland. In females, an acute increase of luteinizing hormone levels (called "LH surge") triggers ovulation and the development of the corpus luteum. In males, it stimulates the production of testosterone.

Male Factor Infertility: Refers to infertility issues related to the male partner.

Menstruation/Menstrual Cycle : The monthly cycle of changes in the ovaries and the lining of the uterus (endometrium) in women.

Micro Injection Fallopian Transfer: An IVF method where motile sperm (2-10 per egg) are injected into the perivitelline space. Fertilized oocytes are then cultured for two days prior to being transferred into the fallopian tube.

Micro-Flare Dose Lupron Protocol: An IVF protocol for women who do not respond well to long Lupron protocol, have a low ovarian reserve, or are of advanced reproductive age.

Miscarriage: The natural death of an embryo or fetus before it can survive independently. Some define miscarriage if this happens at 20 weeks of pregnancy or earlier, and stillbirth if this happens later than 20 weeks.

Missed Miscarriage: This is when a fetus dies, but the body does not recognize this and continues to move forward as though the pregnancy is still progressing.

Mittelschmerz : An ache or twinge in the lower abdomen caused by ovulation.

Morning Sickness: Queasiness, nausea, or vomiting that some women experience during pregnancy, particularly in the first trimester.

MTHFR: A gene that is responsible for the breakdown of folic acid. Malfunction of this gene can lead to a higher chance of miscarriage.

Natural Family Planning: Refers to a method of getting pregnant that attempts to have intercourse when the egg is being released.

Not Preventing Pregnancy: Not actively pursing fertility treatment but not using birth control. The mentality of these couples is, "if I am pregnant, that's great; if I don't, that's okay, too."

Nursing At Keyboard: Refers to nursing a baby and typing on the keyboard at the same time.

Oral Contraceptives: Meditation taken by the mouth for the purposes of birth control.

Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome: A condition where the ovary becomes swollen and painful as a result of the hormone injection during an IVF treatment.

Over the Counter: A medicine that can be purchased without a doctor's prescription.

Ovulation Calculator : A calculator that can find out when a woman is most likely to become pregnant based on her period history.

Ovulation Induction : A process that encourages the ovaries to release eggs, so pregnancy can be achieved either through intercourse or artificial insemination.

Ovulation Predictor Kits: An ovulation test that can be used at home. The test works by detecting a woman's LH level.

Ovulatory Dysfunction: Refers to irregular, absent, or otherwise abnormal ovulation.

Pee On A Stick: Refers to taking a home pregnancy test. This is because such tests usually involve a woman peeing on the test stick.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: An infection of a woman's reproductive organs. It is often caused by sexually transmitted diseases. About one in eight women with a history of pelvic inflammatory disease have difficulty getting pregnant.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: A health problem caused by an imbalance of reproductive hormones. This imbalance creates problems in the ovaries, impacting the ability of the ovaries to release healthy eggs regularly.

Polycystic Ovaries: See Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.

Polycystic Ovary Disease: See Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.

Post-Coital Test: This test examines the interaction between the sperm and the mucus of the cervix, and is used to diagnose possible causes of infertility.

Postpartum Aunt Flow: The first period after giving childbirth.

Postpartum Depression: Depression that happens after giving childbirth.

Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis: See Pre-Implantation Genetic Screening.

Pre-Implantation Genetic Screening: A screening test to determine if genetic disorders are present in the embryo produced through IVF before the embryo is transferred to the uterus.

Premature Ovarian Failure: Loss of ovarian functions before the age of 40.

Pre-Menstrual Syndrome: Refers to physical and emotional symptoms that take place one to two weeks before a woman's period.

Prenatal Vitamin: Prenatal vitamin contains formulated vitamin and minerals, especially folic acid and iron, that are beneficial to both mother and baby in the pregnancy. Doctors often prescribe prenatal vitamin during the first three months of the pregnancy, and some will recommend prenatal vitamin be taken as long as you are planning to be pregnant, and throughout the entire pregnancy.

Primary Infertility: Refers to couples who have not become pregnant after at least one year of having sex without using any birth control methods and who never have a biological child.

Progesterone: A female sex hormone that thickens the lining of the uterus in preparation to receive and nourish a fertilized egg. If pregnancy occurs, progesterone is produced in the placenta and kept at an elevated level throughout the pregnancy.

Progesterone In Oil: A progestin hormone used to treat absent menstrual periods or other conditions caused by hormone imbalance.

Recombinant Human Follicle Stimulating Hormone: FSH hormone produced by recombinant DNA technology. It is used to help induce ovulation in women who are having specific problems ovulating.

Reproductive Endocrinologist: A type of medical doctor who specializes in treating people with reproductive disorders such as hormonal disorders, menstrual problems, infertility, and pregnancy loss.

Reproductive Immunologist: A type of medical doctor who specializes in the immune system and components related to the reproductive system.

Robitussin: Robitussin or generic guaifenesin syrup may help improve cervical mucus and is sometimes taken as a fertility aid.

Secondary Infertility: Refers to couples who are unable to achieve pregnancy for at least one year after having at least one biological child.

Semen Analysis: A test to determine the number, shape, and mobility of the sperms. This is often used to determine if there is male factor infertility.

Sexually Transmitted Disease: A disease that passes from one person to another through sexual contact. Common sexual transmitted diseases include chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis.

Soft, High, Open And Wet: Refers to your cervix position and texture when you are most fertile, or ready to get pregnant.

Sonohysterogram: A technique in which fluid is injected into the uterus, and ultrasound is then taken to make images of the uterine cavity. This technique is more sensitive than the normal ultrasound.

Sperm Donor : A male who provides sperms to be used in artificial insemination efforts of other couples who are often complete strangers to the donor himself.

Sperm Meets Egg Plan: A plan to help women achieve pregnancy with ovulation awareness and intercourse timing.

Stillbirth: The death of the fetus in the womb after 20 weeks of pregnancy.

Subcutaneous Injection: A method of administering medication, whereby a short needle is used to inject the drug into the tissue layer between the skin and the muscle.

Supplemental Nursing System: A feeding tube device to provide babies long-term supplemental feedings at the breast.

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone: A hormone secreted by the pituitary gland. There is an increased risk of miscarriage if the level of thyroid stimulating hormone is too high.

Traditional Surrogacy: Refers to instances where the surrogate mother is also the biological mother of the baby. In other words, it was the surrogate mother's egg that was fertilized. This is in contrast to gestational surrogacy, where the surrogate mother has no genetic connection to the baby she carries.

Tubal Reversal: A surgical procedure that can restore fertility to women who have had a tubal ligation.

Ultrasound: A diagnostic procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to look at organs and structures inside the body.

Urinary Tract Infection: An infection involving the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra--structures that urine passes through to exit the body.

Vasectomy: A procedure that blocks the tubes carrying sperms in men. Men who decide not to have babies in the future may decide to undergo this procedure.

Vasectomy Reversal: A procedure that reverses the effects of vasectomy, resulting in the man being fertility again.

Zygote Intra-Fallopian Transfer: A procedure where the fertilized embryo is transferred into the fallopian tube of the woman.

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